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Updating, Self-Confidence and Discrimination

Updating, Self-Confidence and Discrimination
Author: Konstanze AlbrechtJuliane Parys, Nora Szech and Emma von Essen  links:

European Economic Review, 2013, Vol. 60, 144-169 DOI:10.1016/j.euroecorev.2013.02.002

Date: 2013
European Economic Review 2013 Vol. 60

Our experiment shows that subjects incorporate irrelevant group information when evaluating others: Individuals from on average badly performing groups receive low evaluations, though it is known that they themselves perform well. This group-bias occurs in a gendered setup, where females form the on average worse performing group, as well as in a non-gendered setup. 

The type of discrimination we identify is neither taste-based nor statistical: It is due to conservatism in updating beliefs, which is even more pronounced in females. Furthermore, self-confident males overvalue male performers. Using our data to simulate a job promotion ladder, females get driven out quickly.